What Are Muscle Disorders ?
Muscle disorders, also known as myopathy, can create difficulty for those dealing with certain muscular diseases.
Which are the causes of Muscle Disorders?
- Injury or overuse, such as sprains or strains, cramps or tendinitis
- Inflammatory myopathy includes the illnesses polymyositis, dermatomyositis, inclusion body myositis, overlap myositis, and necrotizing autoimmune myopathy.
- A genetic disorder, such as muscular dystrophy, storage myopathies, mitochondrial diseases, periodic paralysis and congenital myopathies
- Metabolic and Endocrine myopathy- Hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, hyperparathyroidism and hypoparathyroidism
- Infections- influenza, coxsackievirus, and Lyme disease
- Drug Induced - statin drugs, hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), colchicine, and steroids.
What are symptoms of Muscle Disorders ?
- Weakness and Fatigue: muscle weakness tends to be progressive and involves muscles located near the hip or shoulder
- Trouble Moving: difficulty moving, such as walking, running, climbing stairs, or attempting to stand from a seated position
- Trouble with Shoulder Muscles: difficulty in using shoulder muscles, such as lifting or carrying heavy loads, reaching above the head, or holding heavy items
- Muscle Atrophy: shrinking muscle mass
- Pain: defects in blood circulation, injury, or inflammation may cause pain in the muscles
How To Evaluate A Case Of Muscle Disorders ?
- Electromyography (EMG)
- MRI of the Musculoskeletal System
- Needle Biopsy
What Are The Treatment Options Available ?
Treatment mainly depends on underlying etiology. Most of the genetic disorders have no specific treatment while inflammatory muscle disease responds well to immunomodulatory treatment.